Organisms with the most effective and desired traits for survival have the most success when reproducing.
Scenario 1: In nature, organisms that evolved defense mechanisms such as hard outer skin, camouflage, or the expelling of toxins are great examples of evolution through natural selection. There might be dozens of variants and characteristics within a species, but the individuals who develop defensive mechanisms ensure their survival and thus attract mates to reproduce and these defensive mechanisms live on.
Scenario 2: Evolution can occur in culture and behaviors, too.
Among groups of early humans who rely on hunting and gathering, suppose there are three different groups of people who hunt with different methods. The first group hunts by throwing stones, the second by throwing spears and the third group uses bows and arrows.
The first two hunting methods require close proximity, making them more risky. The yield of food from these methods are less promising than the third hunting group, whose bows and arrows can easily strike down prey from a safe distance. As the groups compete for food, the first and second groups are having less success and eventually die off. The third group with the most efficient means of hunting survive and continue to prosper.
Evolution can be used to define a myriad of processes which occur in everything ranging from the natural world to the business world. The key is the mechanism from within that can adapt to change.
Commonly shortened just to evolution, evolution by natural selection is a relatively simple model and to have it, you really only need three things. A mechanism for creating copies with high-fidelity (aka replication). A mechanism for changing the copies slightly (aka mutation). Different copies should persist and copy at varying rates (aka fitness).
When a subject can attain these three elements, the result is that over a period of time, the copies which survive will reproduce more successfully and multiply, whereas non effective copies will die out.
“What starts as a simple, random process, can create a ratchet leading to better and better versions.”
Evolution and Natural Selection as we know is not limited to the natural world or human behavior, but has practical applications in important fields in today's societies.
Evolutionary approaches to medicine can shed light on the origins and etiology of disease. Such an approach may be especially useful in psychiatry, which frequently addresses conditions with heterogeneous presentation and unknown causes.” “ The complexity of the human brain, including normal functioning and potential for dysfunctions, has developed over evolutionary time and has been shaped by natural selection.
Human beings are problem solvers. Wherever a human is applying their innate problem-solving instincts, adaptation and evolution are sure to follow. Mainly in small increments, but over time these small steps become leaps and bounds.
Natural selection is the only scientific explanation for the origin of the brain’s complexity.
Evolution is an ongoing process, whether we are preparing to peak, or a millenia away. The compounded complexity of what a human being is and what the world around us is will continue to change, adapt and overcome in a cycle that will ultimately outlast us as it has outlasted everything else on our beautiful green earth.
Applications in Education
Human biology evolves with each generation, but so does human behavior. Thus, culture has evolved in tandem. Humans are copycats—and as successful traits are replicated in biology, successful people and groups have their behaviors replicated as well.
All group behaviors can have their success measured by the amount that they are replicated throughout history.
The example of education remains a hallmark of human replication. Humanity is unique in its ability to pass down knowledge and wisdom, and we have increased this capacity for thousands of years.
However, now that education is not just reserved for the rich and affluent, it is a privilege that has been extended to many as we evolve and the world around us evolves. Within a hundred-year observation, we can see families with no educational background raise generations that complete high school, and then their offspring complete college. Then this cycle repeats and their children complete graduate school, each generation standing on the shoulders of the last.This is an example that exemplifies the idea that education equals better survival.Language, ideas, and technology evolve, so the individuals in the education which surrounds them must also evolve to succeed. Rudimentary understandings of language, tools, rituals, and religions were the stepping-stones for humanity. This led to humanity having a worldwide level of computer literacy. A lingua franca, a language that serves as a medium between two different native language speakers - like English. Even the basic understanding of formal disciplines like mathematics, science, and history can be found in the most remote places.